Shown are some of the most commonly used types of wood in cabinet construction. 


Alder wood is characterized by light brown and reddish undertones. Alder has a straight and even-textured wood grain with indistinct boundaries between the heartwood and the sapwood.

For a more rustic look a variation of alder that can be used is knotty alder.


Maple wood is predominately white to creamy-white in color, with occasional reddish-brown tones within a cabinet door panel. The subtle grain pattern of Maple wood creates a smooth, uniform appearance.


Birch wood has a smooth surface texture with a tight wood grain that is strong and heavy. The predominant sapwood color of Birch is white to creamy yellow, while the heartwood varies from medium to dark brown to reddish brown.


Cherry wood is characterized by their red undertones, but may vary in color from white to a deep rich brown. Cherry has a smoot, close-grained appearance with a fairly uniform texture and random marking. The even grain allows finishes to be applied with ease.



Oak wood has distinct grain patterns and range in color from white to pink and reddish tones. Streaks of green, yellow and even black may appear due to mineral deposits in the wood. Two most common variations are sold as either white and red oak. 


Hickory wood has a naturally contrasting appearance due to the heartwood and sapwood of the Hickory wood. The color may range from blonde or white to reddish-brown and dark brown.


Walnut wood features graceful grain patterns and muted brown hues. The smooth, fine and general straight wood grain has colors that range from deep chocolate to light reddish-gray brown.

There are many more species that are considered specialty or exotic woods that offer a wider variety of characteristics and colors but can be quite a bit more expensive should you choose to use them in your new cabinetry project.